Multiple Choice Item: 1 point value

Question Overview:This question requires you to comprehend the article, pull together the ideas expressed in a lengthy paragraph, and then identify a summary of Roosevelt's approach to encouraging acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The question requires you to pull together and summarize ideas in this task.

Answer Rationale:

Option A is incorrect. If you opted for this response, you likely recognize that Roosevelt spoke of the difficulties that the commission had faced in drafting the International Bill of Rights. However, she "encouraged unity from the delegates," and at no time did she desire that those who did not agree with her be removed from the com mission.

Option B is incorrect. If you chose this answer option, you may have keyed in on the fact that Roosevelt's International Bill of Rights was to be "used as a reference to reshape any national laws that did not conform to the bill's principles." But no information in Article 2 indicates that she warned nations of specific problems that would occur if they had differing civil rights policies.

Option c is correct. If you correctly selected this answer option, you likely understand Ill that Paragraph 9 provides support for this option, which is essentially a summary of Roosevelt's approach to encourage acceptance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In her speech, Roosevelt acknowledged the difficulty of convincing different nations to agree on common ideas of democracy (" ... Roosevelt described the difficulties in deciding upon universal definitions for the bill's conception of democracy"). She also acknowledged the difficulty of convincing nations to agree on common ideas of power ("she ... spoke about the two governments' divergent approaches to and uses of power").

Option D is incorrect. If you picked this response, you likely recognize that Article 2 discusses Roosevelt's comparison of the "divergent approaches to and uses of power" of the United States and the Soviet Union. However, there is no evidence that Roosevelt made any judgment about the significance or insignificance of these countries' differences.

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